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Journal of Clinical and Experimental Investigations is licenced under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) License.
Abstract - Anesthetic Techniques in Octogenarians and Older Undergoing Orthopedic Surgery for Hip Fracture
Onur Palabiyik, Fikret Bayar, Tugba Caglar, Yasar Toptas, Ali Fuat Erdem, Ayca Tas Tuna

 

Objectives: Hip fracture is common orthopedic problems for patients aged 80 years and older. Because of their decreased cardiopulmonary capacity, an optimal anesthetic technique should be chosen by anesthesiologists. The purpose of the present study is to analyze anesthetic techniques and related postoperative mortality in octogenarians and older who underwent hip fractures surgery.

Patients and Methods: We analyzed hip fracture surgeries and identified patients aged 80 years and older between January 2012 and December 2013. Patient age, gender, coexisting diseases, American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) Physical Status classification, anesthetic technique, hematocrit, hemoglobin, total lymphocyte count (TLC), the length of surgery, intraoperative blood transfusion requirements, postoperative discharge ward, the length of postoperative hospital stay, and postoperative status were recorded.

Results: We retrospectively identified 106 patients aged 80 years and older underwent hip fracture surgeries. Six (5.6%), 36 (34.0%), 2 (1.9%), 53 (50.0%), and 9 (8.5%) of procedures were performed under general anesthesia (GA), spinal anesthesia (SA), epidural anesthesia, combined spinal-epidural anesthesia (CSEA), and peripheral nerve block (PNB), respectively. The postoperative 7 and 30-day mortality were 6.6% and 10.4%, respectively. Age, gender, ASA, hematocrit, hemoglobin, TLC, discharge to the ward, the length of postoperative hospital stay, and the postoperative mortality rates were similar between the GA, SA, CSEA, and PNB. There was no relationship between postoperative mortality and anesthetic technique.

Conclusion: In octogenarians and older, the postoperative mortality is higher after hip fracture and is not associated with the anesthetic technique.

Key Words: Octogenarians, general anesthesia, central neuraxial block, peripheral nerve block, mortality

Volume 8, Number 3 (September 2017)